A fundamental distinction is drawn here between interventions on the inner and outer nose.
Septumplasty is one the most frequent interventions carried out on the inner nose. This involves straightening the nasal septum because distortions can often be a significant obstacle to a person breathing properly through their nose, resulting in accompanying symptoms, such as disturbed sleep patterns and heavy snoring. The operating principle in septumplasty does not involve removal of the cartilage structures of the nasal septum, but relies on straightening by using tissue-saving ablation, leaving the septum in place to continue providing its supporting function within the nose. The bony structures of the septum are also included in the correction.
Surgical correction of the outer nose is known as rhinoplasty. It is used for surgical treatment of changes in shape; for example, a hump nose or the consequences of injury. Rhinoplasty is also used to correct changes to the tip of the nose or nostrils in cosmetic surgery. A combination of septorhinoplasty is often carried out where the shape of the nose is restored from inside and outside, and bony structures are removed.