Due to a strong increase in the number of indications requiring its use, rigid bronchoscopy is making a strong comeback in the field of interventional pulmonology. Use of the rigid bronchoscope is essential for stent placement or resection of large amounts of tissue, and also allows safe and selective control of excessive bleeding, should it occur. The key factor with these techniques is to ensure optimal space in the working channel. This enables various forceps and instruments to be easily introduced simultaneously or alone.
Flexible bronchoscopy has attained an increasingly important role in routine clinical practice compared to rigid bronchoscopy. Many procedures performed with rigid bronchoscopy can be carried out faster using flexible instruments, and carried out with more patient-friendly interventions. They allow for deeper examinations of structures, with less risk of trauma. These interventions are not as personnel-intensive, and less preparation time is needed making every day bronchoscopies more cost-effective to perform.